Franciscan order


Franciscan order
   A mendicant order of friars established by St. Francis of Assisi in 1209 to minister to the ill and the needy. The rule of the order was confirmed in 1223 by Pope Honorius III. In 1212, St. Claire joined St. Francis and, in 1215, he established a convent and placed her as its superior, thus granting her the opportunity to found the Order of the Poor Claires, the female counterpart to the Franciscans. In 1221, St. Francis also established the tertiaries (Brothers and Sisters of Penance), composed of lay individuals who embraced the Franciscan life without giving up marriage and family ties. The Franciscans contributed greatly to the development of Renaissance art. Their Church of San Francesco in Assisi is filled with frescoes by leading masters, including Cimabue, Giotto, and Simone Martini. Santa Maria dei Frari in Venice boasts works by the likes of Titian, and San Francesco in Borgo di Sansepolcro features the work of Sassetta. In Florence, the Franciscans built the Church of Santa Croce where the works of Taddeo Gaddi, Maso di Banco, Giotto, Filippo Brunelleschi, Desiderio da Settignano, and Bernardo Rossellino remain.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Franciscan Order — • An article on the history of the Franciscan order and its role within the Catholic Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Franciscan Order     Franciscan Order      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Franciscan order — noun a Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Francis of Assisi in the 13th century • Hypernyms: ↑order, ↑monastic order • Member Meronyms: ↑Franciscan, ↑Grey Friar …   Useful english dictionary

  • Franciscan order —  Францисканский орден …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Franciscan Order in modern times — This article chronicles the spread of the Franciscan Order of Roman Catholic friars in Modern Times.New CongregationsThe regulations of Pope Leo X brought a notable increase of strength to the Observantist branch, and many conventual houses… …   Wikipedia

  • Secular Franciscan Order — The Secular Franciscan Order (SFO) is a community of Roman Catholic men and women in the world who seek to pattern their lives after Christ in the spirit of St. Francis of Assisi. Secular Franciscans are tertiaries, or members of the Third Order… …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Friars Minor —     Order of Friars Minor     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Friars Minor     (Also known as FRANCISCANS.) This subject may be conveniently considered under the following heads:     I. General History of the Order;     A. First Period (1209… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Order of Friars Minor Capuchin — Abbreviation Capuchins, O.M.Cap., O.F.M. Cap., O.S.F.C., Capuchin Franciscans Formation 1520 Type Catholic religi …   Wikipedia

  • Order of Friars Minor Conventuals —     Order of Friars Minor Conventuals     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Friars Minor Conventuals     This is one of the three separate bodies, forming with the Friars Minor and the Capuchins what is commonly called the First Order of St.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Franciscan Crown — • Also known as the Seraphic Rosary. Brief history, general description of how one prays this chaplet Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Franciscan Crown     Franciscan Crown …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Order — Or der, n. [OE. ordre, F. ordre, fr. L. ordo, ordinis. Cf. {Ordain}, {Ordinal}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Regular arrangement; any methodical or established succession or harmonious relation; method; system; as: (a) Of material things, like the books in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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